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  • Peter Davies

    It was two world wars that drained BRITAIN financially, not England

  • Lyon

    I realized the Portuguese empire, one of the biggest and more important empires, even greater than the Roman empire, was not mentioned at all here.

    The Portuguese empire was created before the Spanish empire. Critóvão Colombo (read Portuguese Wikipedia version and the few facts presented there) was Portuguese. Australia and New Zealand was discovered by the Portuguese Empire long before the British, but because it was in violation of the Tratado of Tordeslhas, it was not mentioned in Europe. In the future, more and more countries said to have been discovered by this or that will be disregarded, and the Portuguese Empire will be mentioned yet again and again.

    Most of the “world” was first discovered by the Portuguese Empire, not the French or Spanish ridiculous empires in comparison to the Portuguese Empire.

    The Spanish made a pact with the “holly greatness from Rome” to expand Christianity, that is why Tratado of Tordesilhas was made, but Portuguese continued its discoveries, as a sort of Private Enterprise, and discovered pretty much all. However, what it did discovered that was not in violation of Tratado of Tordesilhas was well enough to be considered to be the foundations for global trading and a lot more, which is why today we own global trading to Portugal, not Spanish or Rome or whatever. Side Note. Portugal is also one of the oldest countries in Europe, much older than Spain and France. This is a fact because you have to consider the same continental space. Some say France is older than Portugal, but it is not, as France did not have the same continental space. I am not explaining myself better because I have no more free time.

    The Portuguese Empire went from Europe all the way to India and beyond, and also to the Americas as well, but you can see the distance, right??? Only than, after the many risks and discoveries the Portuguese Empire did in such travels, that the other European countries ventured themselves; France did not do this, they have cut through Africa to get to Asia, but with no success. The Spanish Empire just went to where the Portuguese was, the Americas. However, because Portugal was a very little country, it did not wanted to go to way with all other European Countries, even with British as a traditional ally, but that changed afterwards. Nowadays, considering I never forget history, it is very difficult for me to see British, Spanish and French with good eyes, especially the Spanish, but the others will not fall much behind, no no.

    This is but nothing compared to what I know about History, especially about the Portuguese Empire. At that time, any country could have done what Portugal did, but no one did, only Portugal first, then much afterwards the Spanish…

    The roman empire ruled Europe, and not all. Portuguese Empire had colonies in all continents, it was the first to establish foundations for global trade, etc. Portuguese Empire, especially because it was and still is a very small country, did much more than all other European countries in every way, much more than all other empires in History. The Roman empire, as big as it was, did not do what Portuguese Empire did for such a small Empire!

    Read a bit more, please.

  • Maaz

    The Islamic Empires should be higher up on the list seeing as how we were the most advanced civilization and without us Europe would still probablly be in the Dark Ages. AND WHATS WITH THIS ROME. SO WHAT IT LASTED A LONG TIME AND WAS BIG THE ISLAMIC EMPIRES CONQUERED TWICE OF THE AMOUNT OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE IN JUST 100 YEARS. AND NOT TO MENTION THEY LASTED FROM THE 600S TO THE 1920S.

  • Vasco Fachada

    Shameful research and a lot of wrong data presented here, but I’ll just go to one point.

    The Portuguese Empire was the first and longer lasting global empire.
    Heard of the term “Globalization”? Yes, started by Portugal.

    First europeans to make contact with China, Japan (founded Nagasaki, introduced firearms, gave many words, gastronomy and culture, ever tasted “Tempura”?), and so on.

    Brought “sugar” to the world. Brought “cinamon” to the world. Brought “palm trees” and “horses” and much more to the Americas.

    Sea routes, establishments and inventions in India (Do you like “curry”? Do you think it existed before portuguese arrived in India? Think better) .

    New world maps for all continents. It’s the only official first language spoken in all continents. Heard about the expression “worlds to the world”? Just imagine NASA but 500 years ago.

    New technologies (nautical astrolabes, sextants, sailing against the wind) and schooling of other european later powers.

    From what school (and country) do you think Fernão Magalhães (Ferdinand Magellan), João Rodrigues Cabrilho (Juan Rodriguez Cabrilo), Vasco da Gama and others come from?

    Introduced the famous spanish fans in (guess where), Spain! Introduced tea drinking culture in England! Introduced vocabulary into other languages (“marmelade”, “curry”, “cashew”,”banana”,”baroque”,”piranha”, “mango” and many more…)

    By the way, heard of Charles Lindbergh (of course you did, he comes from the anglo-saxon culture)? Do you know what he did? Do you know why is he famous? Is it because he was maybe the first one to cross the Atlantic in a straight flight? No, he’s primarily famous because of the culture he comes from, a very pop culture. The first pilots to cross continental europe into the Americas in a straight flight were Sacadura Cabral and Gago Coutinho, yes, portuguese!

    And I read somewhere, “what did the portuguese empire do for the world? What importance?”…
    Just look around you and educate yourself

  • Peter

    Where is the Portuguese Empire? They had one of the biggest empires ever and were the first global empire in the world. The person that did this list clearly doesn’t know s*** about History!

  • babac

    someone forgot Austro-Hungarian Empire.

  • Zenorsa Haile

    ‘1. The Roman Empire (27 BCE to 1453)’

    The Roman Empire did not last from 27 BCE to 1453.
    The Empire was split into two parts, the dates usually given for this are either:
    285 AD, under Diocletian and the Tetrarchy or
    395 AD, when Theodosius split the Empire between his two sons, giving one the Western part, the the other the Eastern one.
    The Western Roman Empire was mostly made up of modern day England, France, Spain, Portugal, and Italy.
    The Western Roman fell around 476 AD after several pressures, including the Huns at the Sack of Rome and various ‘tribes’ at it’s doorstep.

    The Eastern Roman Empire, also known as the Byzantine Empire fared a bit better. It was even able to reunify Rome and Constantinople, though not on the scale of Rome. However, as time marched on, their power declined and they fell when the Ottomans took Constantinople in 1453.

    To conclude,
    The Roman Empire (27 BCE-285 AD)
    The Western Roman Empire (285 AD-476 AD)
    The Eastern Roman/Byzantine Empire (285 AD-1453 AD)
    The complete unified Roman Empire ceased to exist in 285 AD, instead there were two parts. You [the author] have made the slight error that the Roman Empire was the Byzantine Emperor, those are my two cents on this.

    Best Regards

  • jacare

    Yes, what about the Austro-Hungarian Empire – if we talk about “Important Empires”. The author of the article made some mistake here, if we talk about important – not biggest, longest etc. This looks like a highschool article with a touch of “hollywood history”.

  • deepak

    ancient indian empires like the Mauryan and Guptas were most IMPORTANT in terms of knowledge and education…such large population even then ,they never had the time to move out of the subcontinent.

  • Bob

    Han empire was WAY bigger than Roman empire. And you must remember, the Tang empire, too.

  • Bob

    Oh andHan empire WAs more advanceed and civilized than Roman empire. Tang empire was far more advanced and civilized than ANY Islamic thing in the medieval times.