Top 10 Unexplained Disappearances


Every year thousands of people are reported missing. While most are found within hours, some disappear without a trace, never to be seen again. Here are some of the more famous and bizarre cases in history.

10. Louis Le Prince

A photograph of Louis Le Prince, inventor of motion pricture film. Circa 1885. Courtesy of Armley Mills Industrial Museum, Leeds.

A photograph of Louis Le Prince, inventor of motion pricture film. Circa 1885. Courtesy of Armley Mills Industrial Museum, Leeds.

Regarded by many as the true father of movies, Louis Le Prince was a French inventor who developed the first motion picture camera and projection system. In 1888, he used his invention to film Roundhay Garden Scene, a nearly 2-second long clip that is considered the world’s first motion picture. In September of 1890, Le Prince boarded a train bound for Paris, where he was to meet with his family for a trip to the United States to demonstrate his camera. But when the train arrived in Paris, Le Prince, along with his luggage and camera equipment, was nowhere to be found. The inventor was rumored to be nearly broke and deeply depressed, and theories abound that he engineered his own suicide. But it has also been proposed that Le Prince, known for his secrecy and paranoia regarding his work, was in fact murdered by parties seeking to steal the secrets to his invention. The most frequently cited suspect is none other than famed inventor Thomas Edison, now popularly regarded as the inventor of the movie camera, whose company would file a remarkably similar motion picture patent in the years following Le Prince’s disappearance.

9. Flight 19


One of the most bizarre disappearances in aviation history is that of Navy Flight 19, a group of five torpedo bombers that vanished during a training mission near Florida in late 1945. No debris or wreckage from the flight was ever found, and another plane carrying 13 airmen was lost when it exploded while searching for the missing squadron. The Navy conducted an inquiry into the incident, eventually publishing a 500-page report that suggested the pilots may have become disoriented and mistakenly headed out to sea, where they ran out of fuel and crashed into the ocean. But a general lack of evidence led to the disappearance eventually being listed as “cause unknown,” with one member of the inquiry stating the planes must have “flown off to Mars.” A much stranger theory posited by a number of magazine articles suggested that supernatural elements were responsible for the disappearance, citing bizarre radio transmissions where the pilots report: “We are entering white water, nothing seems right. We don’t know where we are, the water is green, no white.” Although no concrete evidence was ever produced to back up these claims, Flight 19 and its disappearance became one of the key incidents that helped to form the legend of the now-famous Bermuda Triangle.

8. Ambrose Bierce

A famed American writer and social critic, Ambrose Bierce is best known for The Devil’s Dictionary, as well as for numerous short stories about ghosts and the American Civil War. He gained fame as a writer for The San Francisco Examiner, where his cynical opinions and relentless sarcasm earned him the nickname “Bitter Bierce.” In 1913, the 71-year-old Bierce, a Civil War veteran, decided to go on a tour of battlefields in the South. He eventually crossed over into Mexico, and spent some time as an observer with Pancho Villa’s army during the Mexican Revolution, before vanishing somewhere near Chihuahua, Mexico in late 1913 or early 1914. Many have speculated that he was murdered, his body hidden by Pancho Villa’s men, who were afraid that Bierce would reveal secrets to the enemy. Still, others have maintained that Bierce’s disappearance was a calculated suicide. For his part, Bierce remained characteristically sardonic to the very end. An oft-quoted passage in one of his final letters reads: “Good-bye — if you hear of my being stood up against a Mexican stone wall and shot to rags please know that I think that a pretty good way to depart this life. It beats old age, disease, or falling down the cellar stairs. To be a Gringo in Mexico—ah, that is euthanasia!”

7. Percy Fawcett

Summary Colonel Percy Harrison Fawcett. Colonel Percy Harrison Fawcett in 1911.

Summary Colonel Percy Harrison Fawcett. Colonel Percy Harrison Fawcett in 1911.

An adventurer and a supposed inspiration for the Indiana Jones character, Percy Fawcett was a British archeologist who gained fame in the early 1900s for a series of map-making expeditions to the jungles of South America. In 1925, Fawcett, along with his son Jack, returned to Brazil as part of an ambitious expedition to discover a supposed lost city located deep in the jungle. On May 25, 1925, Fawcett sent a wire message to his wife letting her know that he, Jack, and a young man named Raleigh Rimmell were venturing into uncharted territory in search of the mythical city, which he had dubbed “Z.” It was the last anyone would hear from the group. The most probable explanation for the disappearance is that local Indian tribes, who were known for their hostility, killed the men, but no proof of foul play was ever uncovered. Other theories claim that Fawcett had survived and was suffering from amnesia, and a legend even spread that he was living as the chief of a tribe of cannibalistic Indians. Despite instructions left by Fawcett prior to the expedition, a number of disastrous search parties have been launched over the years, resulting in the deaths of at least 100 people.

6. D.B. Cooper

One of the most brazen criminals in American history, Dan “D.B.” Cooper was the alias of an unknown man who hijacked a Boeing 727 commercial airliner in 1971. After the plane landed at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, the man demanded and received four parachutes and 200,000 in unmarked bills, at which point he released the passengers and ordered the plane and its four crew members to take off again and head for Reno, Nevada. Shortly after takeoff, Cooper lowered the aft stairs and parachuted from the plane. Though he is suspected to have landed somewhere near Vancouver, Washington, he was never seen again, and no body or remains of a parachute was ever discovered. What followed was one of the largest manhunts in American history, and although there have been over 1000 suspects in the case, Cooper’s true identity and whereabouts remain a mystery.

5. The Mary Celeste

The prototypical “ghost ship,” the Mary Celeste was a merchant vessel that was discovered in 1872 abandoned and adrift in the Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s 7 crewmembers, along with Captain Benjamin Briggs and his wife and daughter, were nowhere to be found. The ship’s life raft was gone, but the Mary Celeste appeared to be perfectly seaworthy, and even stranger, a number of necessary survival items had been left behind. The ship’s cargo and a number of valuables were also untouched, seemingly ruling out the possibility of piracy. So what could have happened? A number of theories have been proposed, ranging from mutiny to alien abduction, but the most likely scenario is that a freak storm or earthquake caused the ship to take on a small amount of water, leading to a panic and an unnecessary evacuation. Adrift in a single life raft, the survivors are suspected to have perished at sea.

4. Joseph Force Crater

Image result for Joseph Force Crater

Although he is relatively unknown today, Joseph Force Crater’s disappearance in 1930 became a national obsession, to the point that the phrase “pulling a Crater” became synonymous with vanishing. A well-known judge in New York City, Crater inexplicably disappeared on the night of August 6, 1930. A number of bizarre details surround the case, most notably Crater’s relationship with an Atlantic City showgirl named Sally Lou Ritz, who would herself disappear soon after the Judge. An investigation found that Crater’s safe deposit box had been emptied, along with thousands of dollars from his bank account, but no concrete proof that Crater engineered his own disappearance has ever been uncovered.

3. The Lost Colony

Painting by Englishman John White. Sir Walter Raleghi's 1590 Expedition to Roanoke Island to find the Lost Colony uncovered 'Croatoan' carved on a tree. This may be in reference to the Croatan island or people.

Painting by Englishman John White. Sir Walter Raleghi’s 1590 Expedition to Roanoke Island to find the Lost Colony uncovered ‘Croatoan’ carved on a tree. This may be in reference to the Croatan island or people.

Perhaps the most mysterious case of mass disappearance is the so-called “lost colony” of Roanoke Island. In 1587 a group of 114 people settled the island in an attempt to establish a permanent colony in the New World, but a bitterly harsh growing season and fear of the local Indian t
ribes led the group to send their leader, John White, back to England for assistance. Upon returning in 1590, he found that the settlement had been dismantled and all 114 colonists, along with Virginia Dare, the first English child born in the colonies, had vanished. The only sign they left behind was the word “Croatan,” the name of a nearby island, carved into a tree. Some claim the colonists were murdered and their settlement razed by Indians, while others blame starvation or raids by Spanish marauders. But the most popular theory continues to be that the colonists were assimilated into a local Indian tribe. Reports from later settlers that some tribes they encountered knew some English have helped to substantiate these claims, and a project is now underway to try to prove the theory using DNA evidence.

2. Amelia Earhart

Perhaps the most famous missing person on this list, Amelia Earhart was a groundbreaking pilot who set numerous records in aviation in the 1920s. In 1937, along with navigator Fred Noonan, she set out for what was to be her crowning achievement: a flight around the world. Near the end of her 29,000-mile journey, Earhart encountered unfavorable weather conditions in the south Pacific, and was unable to find the small island where she was to refuel. Sometime around July 2, all contact with her plane was lost, and Earhart and Noonan would not be seen again. The search that followed was the largest in naval history to that point, covering over 250,000 miles of ocean, but no wreckage from Earhart’s Lockheed Electra was ever found. The most logical explanation is that the plane ran out of gas and ditched in the ocean, but another popular theory states that Earhart and Noonan crashed on an uninhabited island where they eventually died. Still another theory says that the duo crashed on a Japanese-controlled island, where they were captured and eventually executed.

1. Jimmy Hoffa

Image result for jimmy hoffa

Despite years of speculation and countless investigations, Jimmy Hoffa’s vanishing remains the mother of all missing person stories. A powerful labor organizer, Hoffa was President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters for many years, and was known for his mob connections. He was due to meet two of his mafia contacts on July 30, 1975 at a restaurant in Michigan, but disappeared before the meeting could ever take place. Because of Hoffa’s business dealings and his proven associations with crime families, investigators have little doubt that he was murdered, but the big mystery concerns what became of his body. A number of grisly possibilities were considered, among them that Hoffa’s body was mixed into concrete that was used to build the New York Giants football stadium, that he was buried beneath a swimming pool in Michigan, and that he was crushed in a car compactor, but all of these theories have proven to be unsubstantiated. Hoffa was declared dead in 1982, but his case continues to be open, and every few years a new lead emerges about the possible location of his remains.

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  1. Another mysterious missing persons case is that of Jim Thompson.

  2. Slarty Bartfast on

    One left out is the disappearance of Michael Rockefeller in 1961, The son of Governor Nelson Rockefeller and a fourth-generation Rockefeller, Michael disappeared during an expedition in the Asmat region of southwestern [Papua, Indonesia]. He was a photographer doing ethnographic studies of the tribes. He and Dutch anthropologist René Wassing were in a 40-foot dugout canoe about three miles from shore when their double pontoon boat was swamped and overturned. After their two guides went for help Michael decided to swim for shore, about 12 miles away. Wassing was the last person to see Michael Rockefeller alive. After Wassing was rescued it was realized Rockefeller was missing. There ensued a massive search but he wasn’t found. Most likely he either drowned or was attacked and killed as he went ashore.

  3. Another mysterious disapperance is that of John Brisker, a pro basketball player with the Pittsburgh Pipers/Condors in the ABA (1969-72) and then with the Seattle Supersonics (1972-75) who was notorious for his violent temper. He went to Uganda in 1978 a few years after his career ended. Some who knew him say he went to start an import-export business; others say he went to serve as a mercenary for Ugandan dictator Idi Amin. All that is known is that Brisker made a couple of phone calls to people who knew him shortly after his arrival, and then he was never heard from or seen again. No one knows whether Brisker was executed along with Amin and his followers in 1979, or whether Amin himself murdered him. Brisker was declared legally dead in 1985, but to this date, no remains have ever been found.

  4. Lana Churner on

    I keep looking forward to 1/20/2013 when a certain individual in the White House will do a disappearing act.

  5. Commenting late but a great addition would be Dorothy Arnold who was an heiress in NYC in the early part of the 20th century. No one has ever seen her since she disappeared and her family had the resources to mount quite a manhunt.

  6. Amelia Earhart’s story is overrated. There’s a really good chance they crashed or landed in an island, got caught by the Japanese and executed. So it’s not as if her disappearance did not make sense.

    I think people are drawn to the story because she a female pilot at a time when it was uncommon. However, this is not a unique story. There’s another missing female pilot who disappeared under the strangest circumstance. Gertrude Vreeland Tompkins Silver went missing in 1944.

    But some of the disappearances on the list are really mysterious and weird. The Carter case even spawned the idiomatic expression “pull a carter” which means to disappear.

    A good candidate for this list are the Sodder siblings; John Lake, the Newsweek Sports Editor; Maud Crawford, the first female attorney in Camden, Arkansas; and of course Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt.

  7. The Lost Colony people I’m sure were murdered by Indians. bcuz it said that English dude came back to find all his members gone and the settlement dismantled. hmmm, I wonder why? and since someone mentioned that the guy driving Earhart’s plane was a drunk and that they were both inexperienced with the plane equipment, it’s a good possibility that their plane just crashed and landed somewhere deep in the ocean. I still don’t know about them though :/ But the Crater & Cooper stories are just plain freaky!

  8. The list is too "old", i.e. most of those disappearings happened so long before, when there was not the equipment to properly investigate. I dare saying that it was easier to disappear like seventy years ago than it is nowadays (and even nowadays it is possible).

  9. Harold Holt should be one of them. The Prime Minister of Australia went missing, never to be found WHILE BEING THE PRIME MINISTER! I think that should be more notable than Bierce. He also disappeared in the 60's, so it's relatively recent as well.

  10. I think that once I get my head around time travel that I'm gonna go back and extort the hell outta Jimmy Hoffa. Don't worry though, I'll make sure he gets dissapears again like a week later or something, just long enough to get all of his loot. Look in California. 😉 Good luck!


  11. Recording to the (Flight 19) story an interesting fact is that even one of search planes looking after the 13 missing airmen also disappeared in this story.Really sad that nothing of this was mentioned in the YouTube movie.

  12. No Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt? I mean come on – not many countries lose a leader… sure, the odd one dies, but disappears?

  13. I always heard that Hoffa was in the cement support foundations for the Ambassador bridge, which spans the Detroit River. But I'm assuming it's local myth more than anything.

  14. Many times, my mother has pondered whether Hoffa is under my bed. At times, I must agree. All essentials of life are down there…and then some.

  15. With regards to Earhart, many said that Fred Noonan, her navigator, was a notorious drunk and not the orignal selection as crewman for the voyage. Neither one was familiar with their updated radio equipment, and though nearby Navy ships heard transmissions from the Electra, they could not effectively reply due to the duo's choosing of the wrong frequency. Close but no cigar. Before the flight, Earhart was asked if the Pacific was the leg of the trip she feared the most. She shook her head and replied, "It's Africa… All that jungle.. it'd be hard to land."

  16. fifthfourththird on

    They found several members of flight 19 resting peacefully on the bottom of the sea. Mystery solved.

    • Nah, that was old school by the 70’s Kimmel.. I think more likely Hoffa ended up in three pallets of canned dog food