Author: Larry Holzwarth

There are some that believe all wars can be avoided, but the history of humanity belies that position. History demonstrates humanity going to war for diverse reasons, including acquisition of territory, of slave labor, over religious differences, and in all too many cases genocide. Self-defense is another reason for warfare, often unavoidably in response to…

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Military actions and life have long been a subject for the film industry. Virtually every war in which American troops were involved, and many in which they were not, have been given the Hollywood treatment. In most film and television presentations, much of what Hollywood portrayed of military life was and is simply wrong. One…

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Legends and myths abound. Some have, through repetition, become accepted as fact by subsequent generations, despite clear evidence they are false. For example, there are people who still believe the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes really prowled the streets of Victorian London. Obviously, he did not. Others continue to repeat the disproved story of dozens, if…

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The ruins of ancient civilizations prove the existence of cultures thousands of years gone which nonetheless rival our own in many aspects. Take the Roman Colosseum, as an example. It was but one of many such arenas which stood across the Roman Empire, in varying sizes depending on the local population. As with today, the…

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Humanity gathered in communities, which evolved into cities, from the Neolithic age. Their reasons for creating communities included mutual protection, from the elements as well as from other communities. Gradually, they developed systems for the sharing of water, trade, the disposal of waste, and the means of government. From humble dwellings clustered together larger cities…

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Misconceptions about the environment and the changes wrought upon it by human activity are widespread. In some cases they are deeply held beliefs, resistant to challenge. In others they are simple misunderstandings. But they are certainly legion, in a variety of areas concerning the environment, changes to it, and to its future. Whether one accepts…

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During its existence from 1922 to 1991, the Soviet Union remained a land of contradictions. It maintained a shroud of secrecy over its operations and people, other than when it crowed loudly of its accomplishments, signifying the superiority of the communist system over the decadent capitalists of the west. The Soviet government, under a succession…

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Humanity fought its earliest wars using fists, clubs, and rocks. At some unknown point in time, a forward-thinking adversary learned to propel rocks towards the enemy through the use of a sling. Later improvements in military efficiency included edged weapons, and the use of spears, flung with the force of a strong arm. Smaller spear-like…

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Military actions and life have long been a subject for the film industry. Virtually every war in which American troops were involved, and many in which they were not, have been given the Hollywood treatment. In most film and television presentations, much of what Hollywood portrayed of military life was and is simply wrong. One…

Read More

The word strange is barely adequate for some of the ancient leaders described here, if the tales told of them are true. The ancient world had no shortage of outright butchers who practiced patricide, matricide, fratricide, and mass murders to consolidate and secure their positions at the head of their societies. They used brutal, though inventive methods…

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The ruins of ancient civilizations prove the existence of cultures thousands of years gone which nonetheless rival our own in many aspects. Take the Roman Colosseum, as an example. It was but one of many such arenas which stood across the Roman Empire, in varying sizes depending on the local population. As with today, the…

Read More

A surprising number of foods enjoyed by our ancient forebears remain a commonly consumed part of diets around the world in modern times. Among them of course is bread, in different forms and styles depending on the cultures of the consumers. Another is beer, considered a food to the ancients. The builders of the Great…

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Humanity gathered in communities, which evolved into cities, from the Neolithic age. Their reasons for creating communities included mutual protection, from the elements as well as from other communities. Gradually, they developed systems for the sharing of water, trade, the disposal of waste, and the means of government. From humble dwellings clustered together larger cities…

Read More

Few, if any, nations in all of history have been more isolated than North Korea. The government of the benighted country presents itself as socialist, though in truth it is a cult of personality operating as a dictatorship along fascist lines. It controls all aspects of life, feeding its subjects a steady diet of falsehoods.…

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All but two of America’s Presidents have exercised the power, granted them in Article 2 of the Constitution of the United States, to pardon individuals for various federal crimes. William Henry Harrison and James Garfield are the exceptions; both died during short terms in office. Beginning with George Washington and continuing through the administration of…

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All families, so it is said, have closeted skeletons, crazy uncles, less than savory in-laws, and ancestral behavior of questionable repute. Britain’s Stuarts, the dynasty which produced King James, Mary, Queen of Scots, and Bonnie Prince Charlie, were certainly no exception. A Royal House of Ireland and Scotland, and finally of Great Britain, their original…

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When Apollo 13 lifted off from the John F. Kennedy Space Center on April 11, 1970 on America’s planned third visit to the surface of the moon, the general public greeted the event with a collective yawn. After just two manned visits to the moon the reaction by many to continuing lunar exploration was “been there,…

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Humanity fought its earliest wars using fists, clubs, and rocks. At some unknown point in time, a forward-thinking adversary learned to propel rocks towards the enemy through the use of a sling. Later improvements in military efficiency included edged weapons, and the use of spears, flung with the force of a strong arm. Smaller spear-like…

Read More

The word strange is barely adequate for some of the ancient leaders described here, if the tales told of them are true. The ancient world had no shortage of outright butchers who practiced patricide, matricide, fratricide, and mass murders to consolidate and secure their positions at the head of their societies. They used brutal, though…

Read More

Warfare has always provided the impetus for advancing more efficient methods of killing one’s fellow man. History shows nearly every extended period of warfare found new weapons proposed and developed, which often failed because existing technology incapable of supporting the design. For example, the earliest land mines, filled with gunpowder, often failed because the moisture of the…

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The airplane was less than a decade old when it first appeared as a weapon of war during the Italo-Turkish War in 1911. The Italians used airplanes to observe Turkish troop positions, as well as dropping bombs on their enemy. By 1915 the airplane had matured into a weapon capable of bombing enemy troops, strafing…

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